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accession: a collection from a specific population that is named in order to track it
acronym for the Black Fingers Of Death fungus, a cheatgrass seed pathogen (Pyrenophora semeniperda)
the use of living organisms as agents to reduce the abundance of pests or invasive species
common name for Bromus tectorum, a weedy annual grass from Eurasia.  Also called downy brome
community ecology:
the study of the inter-relationships among a group of  different species which occur together
fungal spores that are produced through an asexual process
a state in which seeds or spores do not germinate (or germinate slowly) when placed under optimal  conditions for germination
ecological range:
the array of environments or habitats in which a species can grow and reproduce
ecosystem services:
the necessities and benefits provided to humans by the natural world
the unique DNA present in each cell of a particular organism, including both genes and noncoding regions
the transition from a seed or spore to an actively growing seedling or fungal mycelium
the characteristic environment that supports a particular species, including climate, soils and communities
of all other species

containing only one copy of the genome per cell--contrasts with diploid, where two copies are present in each cell
host range:
the array of different species susceptible to attack by a particular pathogen
infection window:
the period of time or developmental stage during the life cycle of a host when it is susceptible to infection by a pathogen
spores or other tissues capable of infecting a host organism, especially as prepared and applied by humans
genetically pure strains of an organism obtained through culturing in the laboratory
liquid culture: a method for growing microorganisms that utilizes sterile broth as a food source
living creatures that are largely invisible without a microscope, e.g., bacteria, viruses, protozoa, microfungi, etc.
molecular markers:
DNA sequences that vary among strains or individuals, used to distiguish among them or determine their relatedness
a plant community that is made up largely or completely of a single species of plant
neutral markers: regions of the genome that are used to distinguish among strains or individuals, but that are not
part of genes; they are found in noncoding regions

capable of rapid germination when placed under suitable environmental conditions
a breeding system in which individuals mate randomly with unrelated individuals--contrasts with   inbreeding, in which individuals are self-fertile or tend to mate with close relatives
an organism that causes disease in a host organism, usually by invading host tissues
plant community:
a group of plant species that commonly co-occur because they have similar soil and climate requirements
a group of individuals of the same species that are genetically similar, occupy a defined area, and
usually are able to interbreed

spores, seeds, or any other specialized structures produced by living organisms that are capable of dispersing and producing a new generation
454 pyrosequencing:
a technique for obtaining large quantities of DNA sequence data, used for assembling a  genome
the process of returning an ecosystem from a disturbed or degraded state to a state resembling the
pre-disturbance condition

secondary dormancy:
the state of a seed or spore that was nondormant but has reentered dormancy
seed bank:
seeds in the soil that can often persist across years
a string of genetic code that organisms use as a blueprint for life processes; as a verb, refers to the
process of obtaining this information

produce conidia (spores)
genetically pure cultures, usually with distinctive traits
the fingerlike fruiting structures of some fungi, e.g., BFOD, that bear conidia on their branches
thermal tolerance:
the ability to survive high temperatures
poisons, often produced by pathogens in order to exploit a host
vegetative tissues:
parts of a plant or fungus not involved in reproduction
alive, capable of germination or growth
a trait of a pathogen strain that determines either which hosts it can attack or how aggressively it can attack
water potential:
a measure of wetness applied to soils and seeds, related to the force needed to extract water
winter annual:
a plant life cycle in which seeds germinate in autumn, plants overwinter as rosettes, and seed production occurs the following spring